Tiraspol (tyērŭ´spôl), city (1995 est. pop. 203,870), Trans-Dniester Region, E Moldova, on the Dniester River. It has diversified light industries, including the production of foodstuffs, furniture, and electrical goods. Tiraspol was founded (1792) as a Russian fortress on the site of a Moldavian settlement. It was (1929–40) the capital of the Moldavian ASSR, which had been established (1924) in the Ukrainian SSR; in 1940 it became part of the newly formed Moldavian SSR. After the breakup of the USSR and the establishment of Moldova, the predominantly Ukrainian and Russian Trans-Dniester Region proclaimed a republic, with Tiraspol as its capital.