Tantlinger, Keith Walton
Keith Walton Tantlinger, 1919–2011, b. Orange, Calif. Trained as a mechanical engineer, he was the inventor of the modern shipping container. After stints at Douglas Aircraft Co. (later McDonnell Douglas) and Brown Industries, a manufacturer of truck trailers, he went to work for Malcolm McLean at Pan-Atlantic (later Sea-Land Services), where he devised a means of locking shipping containers together and stacking them several containers high. Though containers had been used since the 19th century to haul heavy loads such as coal, the mechanisms Tantlinger devised in the 1950s allowed containers to be moved by crane onto ships that could hold thousands of them and then be offloaded onto trains and trucks; this intermodal shipping greatly reduced freight costs. This innovation, which made it cheaper and easier to ship goods manufactured in countries where labor and other costs were much lower than in the United States, was crucial to the development of international trade and globalization as well as to a decline in American manufacturing.
"Tantlinger, Keith Walton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tantlinger-keith-walton
"Tantlinger, Keith Walton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tantlinger-keith-walton
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.