Sohag (sō´hăg) or Sawhaj (sô´häj), town (1986 pop. 132,649), capital of Sohag governorate, central Egypt, on the Nile River. It is located in a densely populated agricultural region. Local industries include ginned cotton and silk weaving. Two Coptic monasteries are there. Nearby is Bayt Khallaf, the site of a mastaba built under King Zoser (III dynasty).