Manuel Pardo (mänwĕl´ pär´dō), 1834–78, president of Peru (1872–76). After assisting José Balta in establishing a constitutional government, Pardo succeeded him as president. To recover from the monetary ruin brought on Peru by the Balta regime, he advocated financial and administrative reforms. His term is chiefly noted for the signing (1873) of the treaty of alliance with Bolivia that led to war with Chile (see Pacific, War of the) in 1879. Later, because of his opposition to militarism, he was assassinated by a soldier. He is remembered for his benevolence and humanitarianism and especially for his services during the yellow-fever epidemic of 1867.