Pardo y Aliaga, Felipe (1806–1868)

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Pardo y Aliaga, Felipe (1806–1868)

Felipe Pardo y Aliaga (b. 1806; d. 1868), Peruvian writer. The foremost literary figure of the post-Independence period in Peru, Pardo was a journalist, costumbrista (member of a nineteenth-century literary movement that sought to depict local manners and beliefs), poet, and dramatist. He was born into an aristocratic limeño family and received a classical Enlightenment education in Spain, returning to Peru in 1828 to become a prominent member of the Conservative Party. His literary work, which had a didactic quality and was European in orientation, satirized the disorders of the new republic, the narrow provincialism of his compatriots, and the generally low level of Peruvian culture. Ideologically his writings expressed a general conservatism and stressed orderly progress through discipline, industry, civic virtue, and respect for culture. The best of his work is represented in the costumbrista sketch "El paseo de Amancaes," his play Frutos de la educación (1830), and a poem, "El Perú."

See alsoLiterature: Spanish America .


James Higgins, A History of Peruvian Literature (1987).

Additional Bibliography

Cornejo Polar, Jorge. Felipe Pardo y Aliaga: El inconforme. Lima, Perú: Universidad de Lima, Fondo de Desarrollo Editorial, 2000.

Helg, Aline; Contreras, Carlos; Williams, Derek; and Margarita Garrido de Payan. Political Cultures in the Andes, 1750–1950. Edited by Nils Jacobsen and Cristóbal Aljovín de Losada. New York: Duke University Press, 2005.

Varillas, Alberto. Felipe Pardo y Aliaga. Lima, Perú: Editorial Brasa, 1995.

                                 Peter F. KlarÉn

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Pardo y Aliaga, Felipe (1806–1868)

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