Skip to main content

Odría, Manuel

Manuel Odría (mänōōĕl´ ōdrē´ä), 1897–1974, president of Peru (1948–56). A conservative general, he became army chief of staff in 1946 and seized power (1948) after leading an anti-APRA coup that forced Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre to seek asylum. He was legally elected president in 1950. With dictatorial methods, some brutal, he consolidated his power and instituted extensive economic reforms. In 1956, Odría permitted an election and went into temporary voluntary exile when Manuel Prado was chosen as president. Odría ran unsuccessfully for president in 1962.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Odría, Manuel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 17 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Odría, Manuel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (March 17, 2018).

"Odría, Manuel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 17, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.