Skip to main content


Molokai (mō´lōkī´), island (1990 pop. 6,587), 261 sq mi (676 sq km), Maui co., Hawaii, between Oahu and Maui islands. Molokai is generally mountainous, with Mt. Kamakou (4,970 ft/1,515 m) the highest peak. On the north coast, separated by a rocky mountain wall from the rest of the island and accessible only over a 2,000-ft (610-m) pass, is the Kalaupapa peninsula, on which a government leper colony exists (est. 1860). The large Molokai Ranch occupies roughly one third of the island. The chief port is Kaunakakai (1990 pop. 2,658).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Molokai." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 18 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Molokai." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 18, 2019).

"Molokai." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.