Skip to main content


Merton, outer borough (1991 pop. 161,800) of Greater London, SE England. The area is largely residential with some industry, including tanning and the manufacture of silk and calico prints, varnish and paint, and toys. An annual fair dating from Elizabethan times is held within the borough at Mitcham, and one of the largest mosques in Europe is in Morden. Merton also contains Wimbledon, England's tennis headquarters; the first Wimbledon Championship match took place in 1877. Cricket and golf matches are also played. George Eliot lived in Wimbledon. Merton has remains of a priory that was founded in 1115 and destroyed by Thomas Cromwell. Walter de Merton, Lord High Chancellor to Henry III and founder of Merton College, Oxford, and Thomas à Becket were educated at the priory. Admiral Horatio Nelson and Lady Emma Hamilton lived together in Merton Park.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Merton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 22 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Merton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (March 22, 2018).

"Merton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 22, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.