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Matabei (Iwasa Matabei) (ēwä´sä mätäbā´), 1578–1650, Japanese artist, specializing in genre scenes of historical events and illustrations of classical Chinese and Japanese literature, as well as portraits. His work was noted for its distinctive figure type with large heads and delicately drawn features. Although he followed Tosa school traditions, his work became the major influence on the developing ukiyo-e style (see Japanese art).