Antonio Machado (äntō´nyō mächä´ŧħō), 1875–1939, Spanish poet of the Generation of '98. He spent most of his life in Castile and his best poetry was influenced by its sober and dramatic landscape. His Poesías completas appeared in 1936. Forced to leave Spain because of his support of the Loyalist cause during the Spanish civil war, he crossed the Pyrenees on foot and died in France a month later. With his brother, the poet Manuel Machado (1874–1947), he also wrote plays and translated Rostand's L'Aiglon and Hugo's Hernani.
See studies by H. T. Young (1964) and C. W. Cobb (1972).