Machado, Antônio de 1901–1935
Machado, Antônio de 1901–1935
(Antônio Castilho de Alcântara Machado)
PERSONAL: Born March 25, 1901, in São Paulo, Brazil; died April 14, 1935, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Education: Graduated from São Paulo Law School, 1923.
CAREER: Writer and journalist. Theater critic; editor-in-chief of Jornal do Commercio. Federal deputy for Constitutionalist Party.
Pathé-Baby (travel), 1926, reprinted, Civilização Brasileira (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), 1983.
Brás, Bexiga e Barra Funda (stories), 1927, reprinted, Nova Alexandria (São Paulo, Brazil), 1995.
Laranja da China (stories), 1928, reprinted, Obras (São Paulo, Brazil), 1982.
Mana Maria, (stories and an unfinished novel), 1936, reprinted, Nova Alexandria (São Paulo, Brazil), 2001.
Cavaquinho, e Saxafone (solos) 1926–1935 (newspaper articles), J. Olympio (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), 1940.
Novelas paulistanas, University of São Paulo Press (São Paulo, Brazil), 1988.
Pressão afetiva & aquecimento intelectual: cartas de Antônio de Alcântara Machado a Prudente de Moraes (correspondence), introduction and notes by Cecília de Lara, Lemos (São Paulo, Brazil), 1997.
Intelectuais na encruzilhada: correspondência de Alceu Amoroso Lima e Antônio de Alcântara Machado, 1927–1933 (correspondence), Academia Brasileira de Letras (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), 2001.
Editor and writer for reviews, including Terra Roxa e Outras Terras and Revista de Antropofaqia.
SIDELIGHTS: Brazilian writer and journalist Antônio de Machado graduated from law school but did not pursue that vocation. His family's situation was such that he was able to travel extensively, and his first book, Pathé-Baby, documents his trips to Europe. His second book, Brás, Bexiga e Barra Funda, in which he employs slang and colloquial language, is a collection of stories about three poor neighborhoods in São Paulo. Maria Angélica Guimarães Lopes noted in the Dictionary of Brazilian Literature that this collection is "considered by some critics [to be] the most significant work of early modernist fiction." Machado himself called the book "a journal. Nothing more."
Machado's Laranja da China is a collection of stories, the style of which "is dry, clear and humorous," commented a writer in The Penguin Companion to American Literature. Machado died young, and a number of volumes have been published posthumously that contain his newspaper columns, stories, an unfinished novel, and correspondence.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Bradbury, Malcolm, Eric Mottram, and Jean Franco, editors, The Penguin Companion to American Literature, McGraw-Hill (New York, NY), 1971, pp. 288-289.
Stern, Irwin, editor-in-chief, Dictionary of Brazilian Literature, Greenwood Press (Westport, CT), 1988, pp. 188-189.
"Machado, Antônio de 1901–1935." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/machado-antonio-de-1901-1935
"Machado, Antônio de 1901–1935." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/machado-antonio-de-1901-1935
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.