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Lyonnais (lyônā´), region and former province, E central France, now divided into the Rhône and Loire depts. It included Lyonnais proper (the region around Lyons, its capital), which Philip IV acquired c.1307; the former counties of Forez and Beaujolais, annexed in 1531; and the tiny dependency of Franc-Lyonnais. It is largely a grazing region, with great industrial centers (noted especially for their textile production) at Lyons, Saint-Étienne, and Roanne.