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Kastamonu (kä´stämōnōō´), city (1990 pop. 52,363), capital of Kastamonu prov., N Turkey. It is a manufacturing center, noted for its textiles and copper utensils, and is the chief city of a region rich in minerals. Kastamonu was captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1393, was taken by Timur in 1403, and was regained by the Ottomans in 1460.