Haakon VII, 1872–1957, king of Norway (1905–57). Formerly Prince Charles, second son of King Frederick VIII of Denmark, he was elected by the Storting to the throne on the separation of Norway from Sweden in 1905 and took the name Haakon. He married Princess Maud, the daughter of Edward VII of England. During the German occupation of Norway (1940–45) in World War II, Haakon headed a government in exile at London. He was succeeded by his son, Olaf V.
See M. A. Michael, Haakon, King of Norway (1958).