Skip to main content

Gyurcsány, Ferenc

Ferenc Gyurcsány (fĕ´rĕnts dyŏŏr´chänyə), 1961–, Hungarian politician and investment executive, b. Pápa. Educated as a teacher and economist, he was president (1988–89) of Hungary's Communist Youth Alliance, but following the collapse of the Communist government he became (1990) a financial consultant—and a millionaire as a result of privatization deals. A senior adviser (2002–3) to Prime Minister Péter Medgyessy, he became minister of children, youth, and sports (2003–4) in the Socialist-led coalition government. When Medgyessy was ousted following several divisive ministerial dismissals, Gyurcsány was chosen as his successor. A blunt, sometimes confrontational speaker, he led the Socialist coalition to victory in 2006, but then sparked outrage among many Hungarians when, on a leaked tape of a party conference speech in which he called for reforms, he said that the Socialists had lied to get reelected. After the Alliance for Free Democrats left the coalition in Apr., 2008, Gyyrcsány headed a minority government; he resigned a year later as increasing economic woes made his government unpopular.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gyurcsány, Ferenc." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 19 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Gyurcsány, Ferenc." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 19, 2018).

"Gyurcsány, Ferenc." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 19, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.