Foley, Thomas Stephen
Thomas Stephen Foley, 1929–2013, U.S. congressman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1989–95), b. Spokane, Wash. A lawyer, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1964 and became a prominent liberal Democratic congressman. He was chairman of the House agriculture committee (1975–81), Democratic whip (1981–87), and majority leader (1987–89). When Speaker Jim Wright resigned in 1989, Foley succeeded him, and as Speaker he achieved a reputation for moderation and bipartisanship. After President Clinton's election, Foley played an important role in passing the 1993 budget plan, helped win House approval of a 1994 ban on assault weapons, and spearheaded the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement. In 1992 his reputation was tarnished by revelations of irregularities in the operations of the House bank and post office, both controlled by the office of the Speaker. When Republicans won control of the House in 1994, Foley became the first sitting speaker since 1860 to fail to win reelection from his district. He served U.S. ambassador to Japan from 1997 to 2001.
See his biographical Honor in the House (with J. R. Biggs, 1999).
"Foley, Thomas Stephen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/foley-thomas-stephen
"Foley, Thomas Stephen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/foley-thomas-stephen
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.