Skip to main content

cross-laminated timber

cross-laminated timber (CLT), manufactured wood panels that consist of layers of boards glued together under pressure with the grain of the boards in one layer running perpendicular to the grain in adjoining layers. Panels produced for use in interior and exterior walls typically have three or five layers while those for floors and ceilings have three to 7 layers. The lengths of the prefabricated panels may be up to 52 ft (16 m), and they can be produced with door and window openings and service channels largely precut. As a result, the panels may be relatively quickly assembled on site, allowing for shorter building construction times. The panels are stronger than traditional wood frame construction, and are resistant to fire, which will tend to char the panels but not burn through. Interlocking CLT, which instead of adhesive uses tongue-and-groove joints to link a layer's boards and dovetail joints to bond the layers, is under development. CLT was first used in Switzerland and Austria in the 1990s and since has been widely used in Europe for residential, commercial, and institutional construction, ranging from low-rise to mid-rise buildings. It was first used in North America in 2010.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"cross-laminated timber." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"cross-laminated timber." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cross-laminated-timber

"cross-laminated timber." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cross-laminated-timber

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.