Cardigan, James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of
James Thomas Brudenell Cardigan, 7th earl of, 1797–1868, British general. In the Crimean War he led the disastrous cavalry charge at Balaklava (1854) that Tennyson immortalized in The Charge of the Light Brigade. The charge was made on a misunderstood order, and the brigade was destroyed. Quarrels with his officers showed him a vain and contentious man. The cardigan sweater was named for him.
See biography by P. Compton (1972).