Çanakkale (chänäk´kälĕ) or Chanakkale (–kälā), city (1990 pop. 53,887), capital of Çanakkale prov., NW Turkey, on the Asian shore of the Dardanelles. It is famous for its fine pottery and has an important fish-canning industry. The city has long been fortified and has a 15th-century fort. In World War I the city and fort were bombarded (1915) during the Gallipoli campaign. Near Çanakkale are the mouth of the historic Aegospotamos River and the ruins of the ancient towns of Abydos and Sestos.
"Çanakkale." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/canakkale
"Çanakkale." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/canakkale