Skip to main content

Anderssen, Adolf

Adolf Anderssen (Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen), 1818–79, German chess player, b. Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland). He graduated (1847) from Breslau Univ. and later was a mathematics professor there. Anderssen learned chess at the age of nine, and the game became a lifelong avocation. He wrote numerous articles on the game and from 1846 edited one of Germany's first chess magazines. In 1851 he won the first international chess tournament, held in London, and became the first official world chess champion. Considered the prime example of chess's Romantic style, he was known for fierce attacks and the sacrifice of many pieces. His most famous game (1851), won against Lionel Kieseritzky was marked by a series of sacrifices (a bishop, both rooks, and his queen) and is known as "The Immortal Game." Anderssen lost the championship (1858) to Paul Morphy, held it again from 1862–66, and remained a force in competitive chess into the 1870s.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Anderssen, Adolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 19 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Anderssen, Adolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (March 19, 2018).

"Anderssen, Adolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 19, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.