Skip to main content

Zulliger, Hans (1893-1965)

ZULLIGER, HANS (1893-1965)

Hans Zulliger, a psychoanalytically oriented Swiss teacher and child psychoanalyst, was born on February 21, 1893, near Biel, Switzerland, and died in Illigen, Berne Canton, in 1965. Coming from a modest background, he was a student at the teachers school in Hofwil-Berne. The principal of the school, Ernst Schneider, taught psychology and psychoanalysis. All his life Zulliger remained a primary school teacher in IlligenBolligen, near Berne, continuing to teach working class, rural, and underprivileged children until 1959.

From his first early encounter with psychoanalysis, Zulliger was passionately enthusiastic about the new theory of the unconscious. He read Freud and Alfred Adler, contacted the pastor Oskar Pfister, who became his analyst, and conducted his own research with his pupils. His observations and reflections on school failure, anxiety, and other symptoms, and on the need for and difficulties of sexual education, led to a publication in 1921, a work that was favorably received by the Swiss psychoanalytic world. Freud encouraged the young author, who visited the master twice. His subversively titled La psychanalyseà l'école (Psychoanalysis at school) appeared in France in 1930. As a member of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society, Zulliger also played a part in elaborating projective tests.

In addition to working as a schoolteacher, he also worked as a child psychotherapist, psychologist, and writer (in German and in dialect). He contributed many articles to the Zeitschrift für psycoanalytische Pädagogik, which he coedited after 1932, and he also published in other Swiss teaching journals. In 1928 the Revue française de psychanalyse published one of his articles, "La psychanalyse et lesécoles nouvelles" (Psychoanalysis and the new schools).

Zulliger was without doubt the most popular representative of the psychoanalytic teaching propounded by the Zeitschrift für psycoanalytische Pädagogik. He excelled at recounting his practice in a lively style with colorful language. His many case studies illustrate his skillful mastery of the art of dialog and his profound understanding of children, both as individuals and in groups, as well as his insight into the games they play. He had a sense of the therapeutic power of the educational milieu, where the schoolteacher mediates between children's instinctual egos and cultural values. After World War II, Zulliger's lectures in Switzerland and Germany contributed to reigniting the movement for psychoanalytic teaching, of which he was a remarkable pioneer.

Jeanne Moll

See also: SchweizerischeÄrztegesellschaft für Psychoanalyse; Switzerland (German-speaking); Zeitschrift für psychoanalytische Pädagogik .


Cifali, Mireille, and Moll, Jeanne (Eds.). (1985). Pédagogie et psychanalyse. Paris: Dunod.

Zulliger, Hans. (1928). La psychanalyse et lesécoles nouvelles (L. Leuzinger, Trans.). Revue française de psychanalyse, 2 (4), 711-720.

. (1930). Psychanalyseà l'école (Jean-Pierre Peyraube, Trans.). Paris: Flammarion.

. (1934). Prophetic dreams. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 15 (2-3), 191-208.

. (1950). Psycho-analysis and the form-interpretation test. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 31 (1-2), 152-155.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Zulliger, Hans (1893-1965)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . 15 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Zulliger, Hans (1893-1965)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . (January 15, 2019).

"Zulliger, Hans (1893-1965)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Retrieved January 15, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.