Skip to main content

Narcissism, Secondary

NARCISSISM, SECONDARY

Secondary narcissism corresponds to the return to the ego of the libido, withdrawn from objects. Freud described this for the first time (1914c) in relation to a state he called "paraphrenia," which corresponded to the precocious dementia of Kraepelin or to the schizophrenia of Bleuler. Withdrawal of the libidinal investment in objects, followed by a re-investment in the ego, was considered responsible for two characteristic manifestations: lack of interest in the external world and delusions of grandeur.

Another approach to narcissism was indicated in the last section of "On Narcissism: An Introduction," on the basis of original narcissism. The construction of an ego ideal played a central role in the psychology of repression, conceived as a result of the conflict between instinctive drives and cultural representations. This is the narcissistic aspect of a structure of surveillance, of which Freud would complete the description in 1923, with The Ego and the Id (1923b). Freud in 1914 had moreover attributed the critical voices of the delusion of being watched, of paranoia, rising out of regression, to this surveillance mechanism.

Finally, the interpretation of Leonardo da Vinci's homosexuality (1910c) constituted the descriptive model of a process of identification by replacement of an object investment (the mother), and by the introjection of the qualities of this object (identification). This identification process was taken up again in "Mourning and Melancholia" (1917e), where Freud discussed narcissistic identification. He returned to it again in Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego (1921c) and finally in The Ego and the Id (1923b).

Michel Vincent

See also: Narcissism, Narcissism, primary; Superego; Tics

Bibliography

Freud, Sigmund. (1910c). Leonardo da Vinci and a memory of his childhood. SE, 11: 57-137.

. (1914c). On narcissism: An introduction. SE, 14: 67-102.

. (1916-17g [1915]). Mourning and melancholia. SE, 14: 237-258.

. (1921c). Group psychology and the analysis of the ego. SE, 18: 65-143.

. (1923b). The ego and the id. SE, 19: 1-66.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Narcissism, Secondary." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 May. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Narcissism, Secondary." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/narcissism-secondary

"Narcissism, Secondary." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Retrieved May 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/narcissism-secondary

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.