Skip to main content

Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (Al-Haya?al-Amila Li-Tahrir Filastin)

ACTION ORGANIZATION FOR THE LIBERATION OF PALESTINE (Al-Hayaʾal-Amila li-Tahrir Filastin)

A guerrilla organization created in 1968 by Issam Sartawi, a Palestinian cardiologist. After the 1967 Arab-Israel War, Sartawi returned to the Occupied Territories from the United States, where he had been living, and joined al-Fatah, organizing a group to provide medical care to al-Fatah's guerrilla fighters. After quarreling with Yasir Arafat, he and a handful of militants left al-Fatah and created the Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (AOLP), a guerrilla commando, which operated mainly in Jordan. In 1970 the AOLP was the only Palestinian group to support Gamal Abdel Nasser's acceptance of the Rogers Plan, the U.S. proposal to implement United Nations Resolution 242, which would have returned captured land to Egypt and Jordan while ignoring Palestinian national interests. Expelled from Jordan after the Black September confrontations, the members of the AOLP took refuge in Beirut. Sartawi by now had come to favor establishing contacts with Israel, so as to find a solution to the Palestinian problem. Sartawi merged the AOLP into al-Fatah in July 1971 and went on to become an advisor to Arafat on American and European issues, eventually emerging as a leading advocate of mutual compromise with Israel. Sartawi was assassinated by agents of Abu Nidal in Lisbon in April 1983.

SEE ALSO Arafat, Yasir; Fatah, al-; Sartawi, Issam.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (Al-Haya?al-Amila Li-Tahrir Filastin)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Jan. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (Al-Haya?al-Amila Li-Tahrir Filastin)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/action-organization-liberation-palestine-al-hayaal-amila-li-tahrir-filastin

"Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (Al-Haya?al-Amila Li-Tahrir Filastin)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/action-organization-liberation-palestine-al-hayaal-amila-li-tahrir-filastin

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.