Skip to main content
Select Source:

Creodonta

Creodonta (class Mammalia) The more ancient of the two placental mammalian carnivorous orders, an extinct order comprising two families (Oxyaenidae and Hyaenodontidae), which appeared in the late Cretaceous and dwindled to extinction in the Pliocene. Oxyaenids (e.g. Oxyaena) were rather weasel like, although some of them were large (Patriofelis was the size of a bear). Hyaenodonts had narrower skulls, longer legs, and well-developed carnassials, and diversified into forms reminiscent of the dogs, cats, and hyenas. Only the hyaenodonts survived the Eocene, and filled the role of scavengers until they were displaced by the modern hyena. Creodonts were small-brained and slow-moving, and are not closely related to modern carnivores.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/creodonta

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/creodonta

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Creodonta

Creodonta (cohort Ferungulata, superorder Ferae) The more ancient of the two placental mammalian carnivorous orders, an extinct order that comprises two families (Oxyaenidae and Hyaenodontidae) which appeared in the late Palaeocene and dwindled to extinction in the Pliocene. Oxyaenids were rather mustelid, although some were large; hyaenodonts had more narrow skulls, longer legs, and well-developed carnassials. They diversified into forms reminiscent of the dogs, cats, and hyenas of the order Carnivora. Only the hyaenodonts survived the Eocene and filled the role of scavengers until they were displaced by the modern hyena. Creodonts were small-brained and slow-moving, and are not related closely to modern carnivores.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/creodonta-0

"Creodonta." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/creodonta-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.