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sarsaparilla

sarsaparilla (särs´pərĬl´ə, săs´–), common name for various plants belonging to two different classes and also for an extract from their roots, formerly much used in medicine and in beverages. True sarsaparilla is obtained from various tropical American species of the genus Smilax (which also includes the greenbrier) of the family Smilacaceae, sometimes joined in the Liliaceae (lily family). These have thick rootstalks and thin roots several feet long. Other plants used as substitutes for sarsaparilla include the wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis, although S. glauca also bears that name) and the American spikenard (A. racemosa), both North American plants of the family Araliaceae (ginseng family). The Liliaceae are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Liliales. The Araliaceae are in the class Magnoliopsida, order Apiales.

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sarsaparilla

sar·sa·pa·ril·la / ˌsärs(ə)pəˈrilə; ˌsaspə-/ • n. 1. a preparation of the dried rhizomes of various plants, esp. smilax, used to flavor some drinks and medicines and formerly as a tonic. ∎  a sweet drink flavored with this. 2. the tropical American climbing plant (genus Smilax) of the lily family from which these rhizomes are generally obtained, esp. S. regelii, which is the chief source of commercial sarsaparilla.

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sarsaparilla

sarsaparilla Tropical perennial vine of the genus Smilax, native to Central and South America, whose roots are the source of a chemical used to give an aromatic flavour to medicines and drinks. The main species used are S. aristolochiaefolia, S. regelii, and S. febrifuga. Family Liliaceae.

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sarsaparilla

sarsaparilla
1. Flavour prepared from oil of sassafras and oil of wintergreen or oil of sweet birch.

2. Roots of a South American plant (Smilax officinalis); both used to flavour the beverage called sarsparilla.

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sarsaparilla

sarsaparilla (dried roots of) tropical Amer. smilax. XVI. — Sp. zarzaparrilia. f zarza bramble.

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sarsaparilla

sarsaparilla See SMILAX.

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sarsaparilla

sarsaparillaAdela, bailer, bailor, baler, Benguela, bewailer, derailleur, hailer, inhaler, jailer, loudhailer, mailer, nailer, railer, retailer, sailer, sailor, scaler, Scheele, shillelagh, tailor, Taylor, trailer, Venezuela, wailer, whaler •fabler • Daimler • blackmailer •abseiler • wassailer • boardsailor •wholesaler •appealer, candela, Coahuila, concealer, dealer, feeler, healer, Keeler, kneeler, Leila, peeler, Philomela, reeler, revealer, Schiele, sealer, sheila, Shelagh, spieler, squealer, stealer, tequila, velar, Vila, wheeler, wheeler-dealer •enfant terrible •Anguilla, Aquila, Attila, Camilla, cedilla, chiller, chinchilla, driller, Drusilla, fibrillar, filler, flotilla, fulfiller, Godzilla, gorilla, griller, guerrilla, killer, Manila, manilla, mantilla, miller, pillar, Priscilla, sapodilla, sarsaparilla, Schiller, scilla, scintilla, spiller, swiller, thriller, tiller, vanilla, vexilla, villa, Willa, willer, zorilla •kiblah • fiddler •kindler, swindler •sniffler • sigla • stickler •sprinkler, twinkler, winkler •Himmler, Simla •crippler •Hitler, Littler, Mitla •grizzler • Polyfilla • drosophila •downhiller • Angela • painkiller •weedkiller • ladykiller • Pamela •similar, verisimilar •propyla • caterpillar • canceller •councillor (US councilor), counsellor (US counselor)

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