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Mesquite

MESQUITE

MESQUITE, a spiny shrub or small tree characteristic of the American Southwest. Its astounding root system enables it to withstand the severest droughts and produce beans, which horses thrive on, cattle can exist on, and of which Indians and Mexicans make brew and bread. During the days of the open range, its leaves served as browse, its trunks as fence posts, and its limbs and roots as an aromatic fuel. Although mesquite is an attractive ornamental shrub and fixes nitrogen in the soil, it can also crowd out other vegetation, so many in the American Southwest now attempt to check its spread.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Sowell, John. Desert Ecology: An Introduction to Life in the Arid Southwest. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2001.

J. FrankDobie/a. e.

See alsoMohave ; Tribes: Southwestern .

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mesquite

mes·quite / meˈskēt/ • n. a spiny tree or shrub of the pea family, native to arid regions of southwestern U.S. and Mexico. It yields useful timber, tanbark, medicinal products, and edible pods.The timber is used for fencing and flooring, and burned in barbecues as flavoring. • Genus Prosopis, family Leguminosae: several species, in particular P. glandulosa.

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Mesquite (city, United States)

Mesquite (məskēt´), city (1990 pop. 101,484), Dallas co., N Tex., a suburb of Dallas; inc. 1887. Manufacturing includes industrial power supplies, building materials, and medical equipment. The city's population increased by more than 50% between 1980 and 1990, and it continues to be one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities. An annual rodeo is held there every October.

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mesquite (in botany)

mesquite (mĬskēt´, mĕs´kēt), any plant of the genus Prosopis, leguminous spiny trees or shrubs of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), native to tropical and subtropical regions. The seed pods of P. juliflora, a common mesquite, contain a sweet pulp eaten by numerous mammals, including domestic livestock. The mesquite still provides a staple food for many people in Mexico, who grind the bean pod into meal for bread and also use it to make a fermented beverage. The flowers are an excellent honey source. The stems yield a gum somewhat like gum arabic; the very durable wood is valued for fence posts and fuel. The charcoal of the wood is used for grilling foods. Mesquites, which grow in barren sites unsuited to most crops, are good water indicators; their roots may penetrate 50 to 60 ft (15–18 m) into the earth to find moisture. Mesquites are a characteristic part of the vegetation in arid western regions of the Americas (e.g., the chaparral of the SW United States). Mesquite is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

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Mesquite

Mes·quite / məˈskēt/ a city in northeastern Texas, east of Dallas; pop. 101,484.

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mesquite

mesquiteaccrete, beat, beet, bittersweet, bleat, cheat, cleat, clubfeet, compete, compleat, complete, conceit, Crete, deceit, delete, deplete, discreet, discrete, eat, effete, élite, entreat, escheat, estreat, excrete, feat, feet, fleet, gîte, greet, heat, leat, leet, Magritte, maltreat, marguerite, meat, meet, mesquite, mete, mistreat, neat, outcompete, peat, Pete, petite, pleat, receipt, replete, seat, secrete, sheet, skeet, sleet, splay-feet, street, suite, sweet, teat, treat, tweet, wheat •backbeat • heartbeat • deadbeat •breakbeat • offbeat • browbeat •downbeat • drumbeat • upbeat •sugar beet • Blackfeet • flatfeet •forefeet • exegete • polychaete •lorikeet • parakeet •athlete, biathlete, decathlete, heptathlete, pentathlete, triathlete •kick-pleat • paraclete • obsolete •gamete • crabmeat • sweetmeat •mincemeat • forcemeat • backstreet •concrete • window seat

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