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mate

mate1 / māt/ • n. 1. each of a pair of birds or other animals: a male bird sings to court a mate. ∎ inf. a person's husband, wife, or other sexual partner. ∎  one of a matched pair: a sock without its mate. 2. [in comb.] a fellow member or joint occupant of a specified thing: his tablemates. ∎ Brit., inf. used as a friendly form of address between men or boys: “See you then, mate.” ∎ Brit., inf. a friend or companion: I was with a mate my best mate, Steve. 3. an assistant or deputy, in particular: ∎  an assistant to a skilled worker: a plumber's mate. ∎  a deck officer on a merchant ship subordinate to the master. See also first mate. • v. 1. [intr.] (of animals or birds) come together for breeding; copulate: successful males may mate with many females| [as n.] (mating) ovulation occurs only if mating has taken place. ∎  [tr.] bring (animals or birds) together for breeding. ∎  join in marriage or sexual partnership: people tend to mate with others in their own social class. 2. [tr.] join or connect mechanically: a four-cylinder engine mated to a five-speed gearbox. ∎  [intr.] be connected or joined. DERIVATIVES: mate·less adj. mate2 • n. & v. Chess short for checkmate.

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maté

maté (mätā´, mătā´), yerba maté (yĕr´bä, –bə), or Paraguay tea, evergreen tree (Ilex paraguariensis) of the family Aquifoliaceae (holly family). From ancient times Native Americans and now millions of Argentines and others in South America have made a tea (also called maté) from the young leaves and tender shoots of Ilex paraguensis, the source of the best brew, and from closely related species. Mate is the most popular beverage in S South America, and its culture is an important industry in Brazil and Paraguay. The tea is a stimulant and restorative, less astringent than genuine tea, and contains considerable caffeine. The word mate refers also to the cups in which the tea is infused, which are made from curiously shaped gourds or calabashes, with small openings cut in the top and sometimes decorated with silver mountings. The dried leaves are put in a container and covered with boiling water, and the tea is drunk through a bombilla, a tube provided at the lower end with a strainer of fine basketwork, metal, or perforated wood. Mate is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Celastrales.

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maté

ma·té / ˈmäˌtā/ (also yerba maté) • n. 1. (also maté tea) a bitter, caffeine-rich infusion of the leaves of a South American shrub. ∎  the leaves of this shrub. 2. the South American shrub (Ilex paraguariensis) of the holly family that produces these leaves.

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mate

mate1 habitual companion (also in comps.) XIV; (naut.) officer assistant to another XV; one of a wedded pair XVI. — MLG. (ge)mate = OHG. gimazzo :- WGmc. *ʒamatan-, f. *ʒa- Y- + *mat-, base of MEAT, the lit. sense being ‘messmate’.

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mate

mate2 at chess, state of the king when he is in check and cannot move out of it; (fig.) total defeat. XIV. ME. mat — (O)F. mat, in eschec mat CHECKMATE.
So vb. XIII.

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maté

maté Also yerba maté. Infusion of the dried leaves of Ilex paraguayensis, also known as Paraguay or Brazilian tea. Contains caffeine and tannin.

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maté

maté calabash in which leaves of a S. Amer. shrub are infused, (also) the infusion and the shrub. XVIII. — Sp. mate — Quechua mati.

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maté

maté See ILEX.

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maté

matélatte, maté, pâté, pattée, satay •concertante • backstay • commedia dell'arte, écarté, Jubilate •fouetté, jeté, mantellette •Deo volente • mainstay • décolleté •cinéma-vérité • diamanté • bobstay •forte, panforte, prêt-à-porter •forestay • sauté • velouté

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mate

mateabate, ablate, aerate, ait, await, backdate, bait, bate, berate, castrate, collate, conflate, crate, create, cremate, date, deflate, dictate, dilate, distraite, donate, downstate, eight, elate, equate, estate, fate, fellate, fête, fixate, freight, frustrate, gait, gate, gestate, gradate, grate, great, gyrate, hate, hydrate, inflate, innate, interrelate, interstate, irate, Kate, Kuwait, lactate, late, locate, lustrate, mandate, mate, migrate, misdate, misstate, mistranslate, mutate, narrate, negate, notate, orate, ornate, Pate, placate, plate, prate, prorate, prostrate, pulsate, pupate, quadrate, rate, rotate, sate, sedate, serrate, short weight, skate, slate, spate, spectate, spruit, stagnate, state, straight, strait, Tate, tête-à-tête, Thwaite, translate, translocate, transmigrate, truncate, underrate, understate, underweight, update, uprate, upstate, up-to-date, vacate, vibrate, wait, weight

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