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peanut

peanut Fruit of Arachis hypogaea, also known as groundnut, earth‐nut, arachis nut, monkey nut and, in southern USA, goober pea (derived from the Swahili nguba); originally a native of South America, it was introduced into the USA by slaves from East Africa. A 60‐g portion (sixty nuts) is a rich source of protein, niacin, and vitamins E and B1, a good source of copper and zinc, and a source of protein, vitamin B6, folate, and iron. When dry‐roasted or roasted and salted some of the vitamin B1 is damaged and the nuts are only a source of this vitamin; dry‐roasted peanuts usually contain about 500 mg of sodium per 60‐g portion, and roast and salted about 250 mg. All three types contain 30 g of fat per portion of which 20% is saturated and 50% mono‐unsaturated; and supply 350 kcal (1470 kJ).

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groundnut

groundnut, common name for several different genera of twining herbaceous, leguminous plants with geocarpie (underground fruits), chiefly the peanut. Groundnuts are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

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groundnut

groundnut See ARACHIS.

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groundnut

groundnut See peanut

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groundnut

groundnut See peanut.

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groundnut

groundnutabut, but, butt, cut, glut, gut, hut, intercut, jut, Mut, mutt, nut, phut, putt, rut, scut, shortcut, shut, slut, smut, strut, tut, undercut •sackbut • scuttlebutt • catgut •midgut • Vonnegut • rotgut • haircut •offcut • cross-cut • linocut • crew cut •woodcut • uppercut • chestnut •hazelnut • peanut • wing nut • cobnut •locknut • walnut • groundnut •doughnut (US donut) • coconut •butternut

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