peanut Fruit of Arachis hypogaea, also known as groundnut, earth‐nut, arachis nut, monkey nut and, in southern USA, goober pea (derived from the Swahili nguba); originally a native of South America, it was introduced into the USA by slaves from East Africa. A 60‐g portion (sixty nuts) is a rich source of protein, niacin, and vitamins E and B1, a good source of copper and zinc, and a source of protein, vitamin B6, folate, and iron. When dry‐roasted or roasted and salted some of the vitamin B1 is damaged and the nuts are only a source of this vitamin; dry‐roasted peanuts usually contain about 500 mg of sodium per 60‐g portion, and roast and salted about 250 mg. All three types contain 30 g of fat per portion of which 20% is saturated and 50% mono‐unsaturated; and supply 350 kcal (1470 kJ).
groundnut See ARACHIS.
groundnut See peanut.
groundnut See peanut
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