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cashew

cashew (kăsh´ōō, kəshōō´), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

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cashew

cash·ew / ˈkashˌoō; kəˈsh/ • n. 1. (also cashew nut) an edible kidney-shaped nut, rich in oil and protein. 2. (also cashew tree) a bushy tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale), bearing cashew nuts singly at the tip of each swollen fruit. The cashew family (Anacardiaceae) also includes the mangoes, pistachios, sumacs, and poison ivy.

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cashew

cashew Evergreen shrub or tree grown in the tropics, important for its nuts. The wood is used for boxes and boats, and produces a gum similar to gum arabic. Height: to 12m (39ft). Family Anacardiaceae; species Anacardium occidentale.

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cashew

cashew large W. Indian tree, Anacardium occidentale, XVIII. — Pg. (a)caju — Tupi.

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cashew

cashew See ANACARDIUM.

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cashew

cashewcachou, cashew •sandshoe • fichu •issue, Mogadishu, tissue •Honshu • horseshoe • snowshoe •Kyushu • gumshoe • overshoe

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