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Euglenophyta

Euglenophyta (yōō´glənŏf´ətə), small phylum (division) of the kingdom Protista, consisting of mostly unicellular aquatic algae. Most live in freshwater; many have flagella and are motile. The outer part of the cell consists of a firm but flexible layer called a pellicle, or periplast, which cannot properly be considered a cell wall. Some euglenoids contain chloroplasts that contain the photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll a and b, as in the phylum Chlorophyta; others are heterotrophic and can ingest or absorb their food. Food is stored as a polysaccharide, paramylon. Reproduction occurs by longitudinal cell division. The most characteristic genus is Euglena, common in ponds and pools, especially when the water has been polluted by runoff from fields or lawns on which fertilizers have been used. There are approximately 1,000 species of euglenoids.

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Euglenophyta

Euglenophyta A division of typically unicellular protists, sometimes regarded as algae, sometimes as protozoa (class Phytomastigophora). They are characterized by the possession of a single flagellum, the formation of paramylum as a storage product, possession of chlorophylls a and b, and the absence of sexual reproduction. Vegetative cells lack a cell wall but possess a proteinaceous pellicle. There are many genera, the best known of which is Euglena. They are found in a wide range of aquatic habitats: ditches, ponds, puddles, and rivers (especially those polluted with organic matter). Some species occur in brackish or marine waters.

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euglenophyte

euglenophyte Any member of the phylum Euglenophyta comprising single-celled algae, including the genus Euglena. Members of this group have both animal and plant characteristics. They swim by means of flagella. Many species contain chloroplasts and employ photosynthesis, but some are colourless and feed on bacteria and diatoms.

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