Rust , family of German musicians:
(1) Friedrich Wilhelm Rust , violinist, pianist, and composer; b. Wörlitz, near Dessau, July 6, 1739; d. Dessau, Feb. 28, 1796. He was a child prodigy. He studied law in Halle (1758–62), where he also received instruction in music from W. F. Bach. He then found a patron in Prince Leopold III of Anhalt-Dessau and continued his studies with G. F. Müller (violin and keyboard); also studied with Karl Höckh in Zerbst; during a sojourn in Potsdam (1763–64), he took courses in violin with Franz Benda and in composition with C. P. E. Bach. After traveling in Italy with his patron (1765), he returned to Dessau to serve the prince; was his court music director (from 1775). He was esteemed as a composer of instrumental music. See R. Czach, ed., F. W. Rust: Werke für Klavier und Streichinstrumente, Das Erbe Deutscher Musik, 2nd series, Mitteldeutschland, I (1939).
F. Hosaeus, F. Vf. R. und das Dessauer Musikleben 1766–1796 (Dessau, 1882); E. Prieger, F. Vf. R.: Ein Vorganger Beethovens (Cologne, 1894); R. Czach, F. Vf. R.(Essen, 1927).
(2) Wilhelm Karl Rust , pianist, organist, and teacher, son of the preceding; b. Dessau, April 29, 1787; d. there, April 18, 1855. A child prodigy, he studied with his father, then went to Halle to study philosophy (1805), where he continued his music training with Turk. He subsequently went to Vienna (1807) and won the praise of Beethoven for his expertise as a keyboard artist. After serving as organist of the Protestant church (1819–27), he returned to Dessau as a teacher.
(3) Wilhelm Rust , organist, pianist, teacher, editor, and composer, grandson of (1) Friedrich Wilhelm Rust; b. Dessau, Aug. 15, 1822; d. Leipzig, May 2, 1892. He studied piano and organ with his uncle, (2) Wilhelm Karl Rust , then composition with F. Schneider (1840–43). He went to Berlin in 1849 as a teacher; joined the Singakademie and the Bach Soc, serving as director of the latter (1862–75); was also made the Berlin representative of the Leipzig Bach-Gesellschaft (1853) and was editor in chief of the complete works of Bach publ. under its auspices (from 1858). He served as organist at the church of St. Luke (from 1861) and taught composition at the Stern Cons. (from 1870). In 1878 he settled in Leipzig as organist of the Thomaskirche and a teacher at the Cons.; was named Kantor of the Thomasschule in 1880. He wrote some choral pieces, sacred songs, and keyboard music.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
rust / rəst/ • n. 1. a reddish- or yellowish-brown flaky coating of iron oxide that is formed on iron or steel by oxidation, esp. in the presence of moisture. ∎ fig. a state of deterioration or disrepair resulting from neglect or lack of use: they are here to scrape the rust off the derelict machinery of government. 2. a disease of plants that results in reddish or brownish patches, caused by a fungus (Puccinia and other genera, order Uredinales, class Teliomycetes). 3. a reddish-brown color: [in comb.] his rust-colored hair. • v. [intr.] be affected with rust: the blades had rusted away | [as adj.] (rusting) rusting machinery. ∎ fig. deteriorate through neglect or lack of use. DERIVATIVES: rust·less adj.
See also better to wear out than rust out.