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halophyte

halophyte A plant that can tolerate a high concentration of salt in the soil. Such conditions occur in salt marshes and mudflats. Halophytes possess some of the structural modifications of xerophytes; for example, many of them are succulents. In addition, they are physiologically adapted to withstand the high salinity of the soil water: their root cells have a higher than normal concentration of solutes, which enables them to take up water by osmosis from the surrounding soil. Examples of halophytes are mangrove trees (see mangrove swamp), thrift (Armeria), sea lavender (Limonium), and rice grass (Spartina). Compare hydrophyte; mesophyte.

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halophyte

halophyte (hăl´əfīt´), any plant, especially a seed plant, that is able to grow in habitats excessively rich in salts, such as salt marshes, sea coasts, and saline or alkaline semideserts and steppes. These plants have special physiological adaptations that enable them to absorb water from soils and from seawater, which have solute concentrations that nonhalophytes could not tolerate. Some halophytes are actually succulent, with a high water-storage capacity.

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halophyte

halophyte A terrestrial plant that is adapted morphologically and/or physiologically to grow in salt-rich soils and salt-laden air (e.g. Salicornia species, glass-worts). See also SALT MARSH.

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halophyte

halophyte A terrestrial plant that is adapted morphologically and/or physiologically to grow in salt-rich soils and salt-laden air (e.g. Salicornia species, glassworts). See also salt marsh.

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halophyte

hal·o·phyte / ˈhaləˌfīt/ • n. Bot. a plant adapted to growing in saline conditions, as in a salt marsh.

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halophyte

halophyte Any plant that is able to live in salty conditions.

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