palomino horse, American light horse that, contrary to popular opinion, is not a breed but a color type. The palomino is a characteristic golden, creamy tan, with an almost white mane and tail. White stripes on the face and white stockings are common. This coloring occurs in several breeds of light horse. Palominos were probably first selected for their beautiful color in Spain. They accompanied the conquistadors to the New World, where they were perpetuated by early Mexican horse breeders. They were discovered by Americans in California during the Mexican-American War, and are now popular parade and show horses; fanciers in the United States are trying to establish the palomino as a breed. Palominos have Arabian or Thoroughbred features, stand about 15 hands (60 in./150 cm) high, and weigh about 1,100 lb (500 kg).
pal·o·mi·no / ˌpaləˈmēnō/ • n. 1. (pl. -nos) a pale golden or tan-colored horse with a white mane and tail, originally bred in the southwestern U.S. 2. a variety of white grape, originally grown around Jerez in southern Spain, used esp. to make sherry and fortified wines.
Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Acislo Antonio
Acislo Antonio Palomino de Castro y Velasco (äthēs´lō äntō´nyō pälōmē´nō ŧħā kä´strō ē vāläs´kō), 1655–1726, Spanish historical painter and writer on art, called the Spanish Vasari. He painted frescoes and easel pictures in Valencia, Córdoba, and Granada, but he is famous chiefly for his history of art, El museo pictórico y escala óptica (3 vol., 1715–24), which contains a wealth of biographical material concerning Spanish artists of the 16th and 17th cent. It was summarized and translated into English (1739).