espalier

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es·pal·ier / iˈspalyər; -yā/ • n. a fruit tree or ornamental shrub whose branches are trained to grow flat against a wall, supported on a framework.

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espalier.
1. Lattice-work trellis upon which tree-branches are trained in horizontal directions.

2. Row of trees so trained, without the trellis.

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espalier XVII. — F. — It. spalliera applied to supports for the shoulders, hence to stakes of that height, f. spalla shoulder.