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Campania Region of sw Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea, including the provinces of Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Napoli and Salerno. The capital is Naples. It is a mountainous area with fertile plains yielding agricultural products such as wheat, potatoes, fruit, tobacco, flowers and wine. Area: 13,595sq km (5249sq mi). Pop. (2001) 5,782,244.

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Avellino (ävāl-lē´nō), city (1991 pop. 55,662), capital of Avellino prov., Campania, S Italy. It is an agricultural and light manufacturing center. Although damaged by earthquakes in 1930 and 1980, the city has retained much of its medieval aspect. Of note are the 12th-century cathedral and the ruins of a castle (9th–10th cent.). Near Avellino is the Benedictine convent and pilgrimage shrine of Monte Vergine (founded early 12th cent.).