Botany Bay

views updated May 23 2018

Botany Bay, discovered on 29 April 1770 by Captain Cook, who first named it Stingray Bay, later Botanists' (Harbour and Bay), and finally Botany Bay in his journal, probably to honour the botanists aboard HMS Endeavour led by Sir Joseph Banks as well as to mark its floral novelties. Banks later (1786) advocated Botany Bay as an ideal place for a penal colony on account of its supposed fertility. The first fleet under Captain Arthur Phillip landed there on 20 January 1788 and, finding Banks's account much exaggerated, moved on to Port Jackson, landing there at Sydney Cove. Nevertheless, the name Botany Bay became synonymous with Australia, first as a convict settlement, and later as a generic name for fine-quality Australian yarn. Today much of the shores of Botany Bay are taken up with Sydney's southern suburban residential development. Botany Bay is also the site of Sydney's (Kingsford-Smith) international airport.

Martyn Webb

Botany Bay

views updated May 29 2018

Botany Bay an inlet of the Tasman Sea in New South Wales, Australia, just south of Sydney, which was the site of Captain James Cook's landing in 1770 and of an early British penal settlement.

It was named by Cook after the large variety of plants collected there by his companion, Sir Joseph Banks.

Botany Bay

views updated May 14 2018

Botany Bay Large, shallow inlet immediately s of Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia. It was visited in 1700 by Captain James Cook, who named it because of its flora. It is fed by the Georges and Woronora rivers, and is c.1.6km (1mi) wide at its mouth.

Botany Bay

views updated May 18 2018

Botany Bay ★★ 1953

A rousing costumer about a convict ship in the 1700s that, after a trying voyage, lands in Australia, wherein a framed doctor conquers the local plague. From the novel by Charles Nordoff. 99m/C VHS . Alan Ladd, James Mason, Patricia Medina, Cedric Hardwicke; D: John Farrow.