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Thomas, St

Thomas, St. One of the twelve apostles. According to John 20. 25–8 he doubted Jesus' resurrection until Jesus appeared to him and invited him to touch his wounds. In later tradition, the Acts of Thomas, a 3rd-cent., ascetical, and probably gnostic work, recounts Thomas's missionary work in India. The SyrianChristians of St Thomas’ in Kerala, S. India (along with some Western scholars) strongly defend this tradition as explaining the origin of their church. Feast day: 3 July in the Roman Catholic and Syrian Churches; 21 Dec. in the Church of England; 6 Oct. in the Greek Church.

The Gospel of Thomas is a Coptic document consisting of 114 secret sayings of Jesus to his disciples. This work is not to be confused with the Infancy Gospel of Thomas, a collection of miracle stories about the child Jesus.

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Thomas, Saint

Saint Thomas, one of the Twelve Apostles, called Didymus. According to John, he refused to believe in the resurrection until he saw Jesus' wounds; hence the expression "doubting Thomas." John 11.16; 14.5; 20.24–29; 21.2. By tradition he is said to have gone as missionary to Parthia or India. The Syriac-rite Christians of Malabar, India, whose church was established by the 3d cent., claim St. Thomas as their founder. Among the Pseudepigrapha are a Gospel of Thomas and Acts of Thomas. In addition, a Gospel of Thomas was among the 4th-century Coptic books found at Nag Hammadi. Feast: Dec. 21.

See E. Pagels, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003).

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Thomas, Saint

Thomas, Saint One of the original 12 Apostles or disciples of Jesus Christ. He has been called ‘Doubting Thomas’ because, after the resurrection of Christ, he refused to believe that the risen Lord had indeed appeared to the other disciples (John 20). Only when Jesus appeared to him and allowed him to touch his wounds did he lay aside his doubts. According to Christian tradition, he took Christianity to India. His feast day is July 3.

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Saint Thomas (city, Canada)

Saint Thomas, city (1991 pop. 29,990), S Ont., Canada, S of London. Originally the center for a rich agricultural area, it became a rail and manufacturing center beginning in the late 1800s. Motor vehicle assembly plants dominated the city's industries from the mid-20th cent., but the last closed in 2011; automotive parts and plumbing fixtures are produced.

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