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Krasnoyarsk City and port on the w bank of the upper Yenisei River, w Siberian Russia; capital of Krasnoyarsk Kray. Founded in 1628 by the Cossacks, it was attacked in the late 17th century by Tatars and other tribes. It underwent rapid development after the discovery of gold in the area. Industries: shipbuilding, heavy machinery, electrical goods, cement, timber, flour milling. Pop. (2000 est.) 870,000.