Worcester. Cathedral city on the river Severn, and county town of Worcestershire. A modest Roman town, it was reoccupied by a cathedral (680) and later by a fortified town (burh) c.890. From the 14th to the 17th cents. it flourished as a river port and cloth-making city. Its peak national ranking came in the 17th cent. (twelfth largest English town in 1662), but it suffered severely for supporting the royalists in the civil wars, especially after the battle of Worcester. In the 18th and 19th cents. it prospered more modestly through porcelain and glove manufactures. The cathedral is a fine 13th/14th-cent. building housing the tombs of King John and Prince Arthur; the city retains much of its historic fabric despite appalling central redevelopment in the 1960s (‘the sack of Worcester’).
David M. Palliser
Worcester County town of Worcestershire, on the River Severn, w central England. Worcester was founded in c.680. Its 13th–14th century cathedral is the burial place of King John. King Charles II's defeat by Oliver Cromwell at Worcester (1651) was the final battle in the English Civil War. Industries: Royal Worcester porcelain (manufactured here since 1751) and Worcester sauce. Pop. (1996) 82,661.
More From encyclopedia.com
Reading (England) , Reading. County town of Berkshire, situated where the river Kennet joins the Thames. A small borough by 1086, it grew partly thanks to Henry I's foun… Gloucester , Gloucester (Roman) was successively a Roman legionary fortress and the colonia of Glevum. The earliest Roman military site, of c. ad 50, was at Kings… NORWICH , NORWICH NORWICH , county town of Norfolk, E. England. The medieval Jewish community is first mentioned in 1144, when the discovery of the body of a b… NOTTINGHAM , Nottingham •minimum • maximum • optimum •chrysanthemum, helianthemum •cardamom • Pergamum • sesamum •per annum • magnum • damnum •Arnhem, Barnum •env… Kortrijk , Kortrijk (kôrt´rīk), Fr. Courtrai, city (1991 pop. 76,141), West Flanders prov., SW Belgium, on the Leie River. It is an important linen, lace, and t… Renfrew , Renfrew (rĕn´frōō), town (1991 pop. 21,550), Renfrewshire, W central Scotland, on the Clyde River, near Glasgow. It has shipyards and manufactures ru…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like