views updated Jun 11 2018

Jarrow, on the south bank of the Tyne, was founded in 682 by Benedict Biscop and thereafter formed a single monastery with Monkwearmouth. Largely through the work of Bede this foundation had an enormous impact on medieval European learning. One of Biscop's churches still survives as the present chancel; the larger basilica, dedicated in 685, lay to its west and was destroyed in the 18th cent. As at Wearmouth, these churches and the surrounding excavated monastic structures reflect Gaulish tastes. The present standing buildings lying to the south of the church are of post-Conquest date, some associated with Aldwine's attempt to revive monasticism on the site in the 1070s.

Richard N. Bailey


views updated Jun 27 2018

Jarrow a town in NE England, on the Tyne estuary. From the 7th century until the Viking invasions its monastery was a centre of Northumbrian Christian culture; the Venerable Bede lived and worked there. Its name is associated with a series of hunger marches to London by the unemployed during the Depression of the 1930s.