The county is predominantly heavily glaciated mountains and uplands with a coast of cliffs and bays. Cadair Idris is its highest point (2,927 feet) and it also includes the Aran and Rhiniog mountains, as well as the Harlech dome. Bala Lake or Llyn Tegid is the largest natural lake in Wales. Much of the county is within the Snowdonia National Park.
The vulcanism, which forms much of the highland, fancifully known as ‘the Ordovician ring of fire’, produced metamorphosed rocks, and slate has been widely quarried, at Blaenau Ffestiniog to the north and Corris to the south. Sheep-farming and tourism are the main supports of the economy. But there is a Magnox nuclear power station at Trawsfynydd, now decommissioned. The drowning of Tryweryn 1957–63 to form Llyn Celyn to supply water for Liverpool led to massive protest. Merionethshire has 65.4 per cent of its population able to speak Welsh. Merioneth was once again linked to Gwynedd in 1974 when it became part of that new county, and with Caernarfonshire constituted a reformed Gwynedd in 1996. In 1991 the total population was 31,963.
"Merionethshire." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/merionethshire
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