Wellington

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Wellington, city (1996 pop. 157,647; urban agglomeration 334,051), capital of New Zealand, extreme S North Island, on Port Nicholson, an inlet of Cook Strait. Socially and economically linked with Hutt City, Upper Hutt, and Porirua City, Wellington is a major communications and transportation center and is an important port for coastal and overseas trade. Wellington has garment, transportation-equipment, food-processing, and textile industries. Wellington was officially founded in 1840 and replaced Auckland as the capital in 1865. Notable are the governor-general's residence, the Parliament building, the National Art Gallery, and the National Museum. Victoria Univ. of Wellington, founded as Victoria Univ. College in 1897, became autonomous in 1962. Wellington has a symphony orchestra and ballet as well as opera companies. Among its religious functions, it serves as the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishopric.

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Wellington Capital and region of New Zealand, in the extreme s of North Island, on Port Nicholson, an inlet of Cook Strait. First visited by Europeans in 1826, it was founded in 1840. In 1865 it replaced Auckland as capital. Wellington's excellent harbour furthered its development as a transport and trading centre. Industries: textiles, clothing, transport equipment, machinery. Pop. (2001) 163,824; 423,765 (region).

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wellington short for w. boot, coat, etc., named after Arthur, first duke of Wellington (1769–1852). XIX.
So wellingtonia sequoia. XIX.