North Island Smaller but more densely populated of the two main islands of New Zealand; separated from South Island by Cook Strait. The chief cities are Wellington, Auckland, and Hamilton. The island contains several mountain ranges, Lake Taupu (New Zealand's largest lake), fertile coastal plains, and numerous hot springs. Most of New Zealand's dairy produce comes from North Island. Industries: wood pulp and paper, mining, fishing. Area: 114,729sq km (44,297sq mi). Pop. (2001) 2,829,798.
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