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Lahore City on the River Ravi, ne Pakistan; capital of Punjab province and Pakistan's second-largest city. An important city during the Ghazni and Ghuri sultanates of the 12th and 13th centuries, it was a royal residence under the Mogul Empire. It was part of the Sikh kingdom from 1767, and passed to the British in 1849. From 1955 to 1970, it was capital of West Pakistan. It is an important commercial and industrial centre. Industries: iron, steel, textiles, chemicals, rubber, leather, carpets, gold and silver jewellery. Pop. (1998) 5,063,499.