Nara

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NARA

NARA (also ONR: Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny: "National-Radical Camp"), a nationalistic, antisemitic organization in Poland, formed on April 14, 1934. The group was organized by youth who seceded from the *Endecja (nd) Party, which was also antisemitic. Whereas nd was anti-German, nara, inspired and supported by the Nazis, wanted to serve as a bridge between the antisemitic ideologies of both Germany and Poland. The program of nara envisaged a fascist regime modeled on the Nazi plan. It called for the assimilation of the Slavic minorities in Poland (Ukrainians, Belorussians), and the expulsion of Jews by means of economic boycott, by seizing their sources of living, confiscating their assets, and denying them all civil rights. With such forceful economic measures against Jews, nara aimed to win the sympathy of the masses during a critical economic period and, at the same time, form a strong movement in oppositon to *Pilsudski's regime. The membership of nara embraced mainly city youth and university students. After widespread terrorist activities against Jews, particularly Jewish students, nara was dissolved by the government (July 10, 1934) and its newspaper Sztafeta, prohibited. The group continued its illegal activities, supported and increased by various rightist groups, until it met with complete defeat in the municipal elections of December 1938.

bibliography:

R.L. Buell, Poland: Key to Europe (1939); 108, 117, 187; I. Greenbaum, in: eg, 1 (1953), 113–6; Wielka Encyklopedia Powszechna, 8 (1966), 89–90. add. bibliography: S. Rudnicki, Oboz Narodowo Radykalny geneza i dzialalnosc (1985), 83.

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Nara (nä´rä), city (1990 pop. 349,349), capital of Nara prefecture, S Honshu, Japan. An ancient cultural and religious center, it was founded in 706 by imperial decree and was modeled after Chang'an (see Xi'an), the capital of T'ang China. Nara was (710–84) the first permanent capital of Japan. The noted Todai-ji temple has a 53.5-ft-high (16.3 m) image of Buddha, said to be one of the largest bronze figures in the world. Nara Park, the largest (1,250 acres/506 hectares) city park in Japan, includes the celebrated Imperial Museum, which houses ancient art treasures and relics. Near the city is wooded Mt. Kasuga, the traditional home of the gods; its trees are never cut. Also nearby is Horyu-ji, founded in 607, the oldest Buddhist temple in Japan, with the grave of Jimmu, the first emperor. Nara prefecture (1990 pop. 1,375,478), 1,425 sq mi (3,691 sq km), is largely mountainous and its population centers are in and around the capital. Agriculture, crafts, and tourism are the area's main industries.

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Nara City on s Honshu island; capital of Nara prefecture, Japan. A centre of Japanese Buddhism, Nara was founded in 706. It was Japan's first imperial capital (710–784). Todaiji (East Great Temple) houses a 22m (72ft) tall bronze statue of Buddha. The 7th-century Horyuji temple is reputedly Japan's oldest building. Industries: textiles. Pop. (2000) 366,196.

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Nara. In Vedic Hinduism a general word for ‘man’, but in later texts, primordial Man, the agent through whom the creation of humanity is effected. Nara and Nārāyana are also depicted as ṛṣis.

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Nara a city in central Japan, on the island of Honshu, which was the first capital of Japan (710–84) and an important centre of Japanese Buddhism.