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Calcutta

Calcutta was founded on 24 August 1690 by Job Charnock of the English East India Company at the village of Kalikata on the banks of the Hooghly river in Bengal. It grew quickly as Bengal displaced Madras as the company's leading commercial region. Following Robert Clive's victory at the battle of Plassey in 1757, a new Fort William was built and came to constitute the centre from which the company's political expansion in India took place. The town attracted a large British community and in 1834 became recognized as the official capital of British India. From the 1870s, a jute industry also developed to complement Calcutta's already advanced commercial and administrative functions. In 1901 the city had a population of 1 million and was the second largest in the British empire after London. However, in 1912 the capital was removed to New Delhi and Calcutta began what has been a long decline.

David Anthony Washbrook

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Calcutta

Calcutta City on the River Hooghly, e India; capital of West Bengal state. Founded c.1690 by the East India Company, it was the capital of India under British rule (1772–1912). The major port and industrial centre of e India, Calcutta has several important temples. Industries: jute milling, electrical equipment, chemicals, paper, cotton textiles. Pop. (2001) 4,580,544.

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Calcutta

Calcutta. Kālīghāt, the place in India where the major temple to Kālī was built in the 16th cent. CE.

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Calcutta

Calcutta, India: see Kolkata.

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Calcutta

Calcuttaexploiter, goitre (US goiter), loiter, reconnoitre (US reconnoiter), Reuter •anointer, appointer, jointer, pointer •cloister, hoister, oyster, roister •accoutre (US accouter), commuter, computer, disputer, hooter, looter, neuter, pewter, polluter, recruiter, refuter, rooter, saluter, scooter, shooter, souter, suitor, tooter, transmuter, tutor, uprooter •booster, rooster •doomster • freebooter • sharpshooter •peashooter • six-shooter •troubleshooter • prosecutor •persecutor • prostitutor •telecommuter •footer, putter •Gupta • Worcester • Münster •pussyfooter • executor •contributor, distributor •collocutor, interlocutor •abutter, aflutter, butter, Calcutta, clutter, constructor, cutter, flutter, gutter, mutter, nutter, scutter, shutter, splutter, sputter, strutter, stutter, utter •abductor, conductor, destructor, instructor, obstructor •insulter •Arunta, Bunter, chunter, Grantha, grunter, Gunter, hunter, junta, punter, shunter •corrupter, disrupter, interrupter •sculptor •adjuster, Augusta, bluster, buster, cluster, Custer, duster, fluster, lustre (US luster), muster, thruster, truster •huckster • Ulster • dumpster •funster, Munster, punster •funkster, youngster •gangbuster • filibuster • blockbuster •semiconductor • headhunter •woodcutter •lacklustre (US lackluster)

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