AHMADNAGAR , capital of the former kingdom of the Niẓām Shah dynasty on the west coast of India. Under Burhān Niẓām Shah i (1510–53), a Shi'a Muslim, it became a center of Hindu-Muslim culture and learning. Among the scholars attracted to his court and enjoying its atmosphere of complete religious tolerance were some Marranos from Portugal, including Sancho Pirez, who became a favorite of the king and was a friend of Garcia *d'Orta. Garcia refers in his Colloquia (no. 26) to "Jews in the territory of Nizamuluco [Niẓām Shah]." A Jewish settlement also existed in the port of the kingdom, Chaul (now Revanda).
R. Shyam, Kingdom of Ahmadnagar (1966).
[Walter Joseph Fischel]
Ahmadnagar or Ahmednagar (both: ämədnŭg´ər), city (1991 pop. 222,088), Maharashtra state, W central India, on the Sina River. It is a district administrative center and has industries in cotton and cotton goods and copper and brass goods. The district has a significant sugar industry.
Founded in 1490, it became the capital of the important Deccan kingdom of Ahmadnagar; it was captured (1600) by Akbar's forces after heroic resistance. In the mid-18th cent. it was taken by the Marathas. The fort was used by British for political prisoners, including Nehru (1942–45).