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Liaoning Coastal province in ne China, bordering North Korea; the capital is Shenyang. Japan conquered the Liaotung peninsula during the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05) and developed the province's industries and railroads. It later formed part of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo (1932–45). After World War II, it fell under the joint control of Russia and China. A Chinese province since 1955. it is the chief site of China's heavy industry. The province has rich coal and iron ore reserves, and supplies 20% of China's electrical power. It includes the cities of Anshan, Fushun, and Dalian (China's major port). The principal river is the Liao. Area: 151,000sq km (58,300sq mi). Pop. (2000) 42,380,000.