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Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Federation of

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, SE Africa, 1953–63, composed of the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The capital was Salisbury (now Harare), Southern Rhodesia. The federation, also called the Central African Federation, was formed on Britain's initiative. Under an appointed governor-general, the federal government handled external affairs, defense, currency, intercolonial relations, and federal taxes for its constituent members, which, however, retained most of their former legislative structure. The Africans, fearing continued domination by the whites, demonstrated (1960–61) against the federation, and in 1962 there was a strong movement for its dissolution, particularly from the new African-dominated regime of Northern Rhodesia. Official dissolution came on Dec. 31, 1963, after which Northern Rhodesia became independent as Zambia and Nyasaland as Malawi. Southern Rhodesia refused to hand political control over to its African majority, and in 1965 the white government unilaterally proclaimed the colony's independence from Britain as Rhodesia. In 1980, Rhodesia formally became independent as Zimbabwe.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was the name given to an irregularly shaped region of southern Africa, bounded by Bechuanaland, the Congo, German east Africa (Tanganyika), and Mozambique, first exploited by Rhodes's British South Africa Company in the 1890s. In 1964 the northern part became the independent nation of Zambia, leaving the white minority in Southern Rhodesia (now just plain ‘Rhodesia’) to mount a rearguard action against black rule, through a ‘Unilateral Declaration of Independence’—independence, that is, from British suzerainty—issued in 1965. That caused constant trouble for successive British governments, especially from other Commonwealth countries, who expected them to put the rebellion down by force. Eventually the native peoples won their own battle, helped by international sanctions; and Rhodesia achieved legal independence as the majority-ruled state of Zimbabwe in 1980.

Bernard Porter

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia Former name of a territory in s central Africa. Cecil Rhodes developed the region. In 1923, Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing British colony, and in 1924 Northern Rhodesia was made a British Protectorate. In 1953, the two Rhodesias united with Nyasaland (now Malawi) in the Central African Federation. When the Federation dissolved in 1963, Northern Rhodesia achieved independence as Zambia. Southern Rhodesia continued to use the name Rhodesia until it gained independence as Zimbabwe in 1980.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia: see Zimbabwe.

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Rhodesia

RhodesiaAsher, clasher, Falasha, flasher, lasher, masher, Natasha, pasha, rasher, Sasha, slasher, smasher, thrasher •haberdasher • gatecrasher • Marsha •rancher •flesher, fresher, pressure, thresher •welsher •adventure, bencher, censure, dementia, front-bencher, trencher, venture, wencher •backbencher • acupressure •acacia, Asia, Croatia, Dalmatia, ex gratia, geisha •Lucretia, magnesia, Rhodesia, Venetia •Fischer, fisher, fissure, justiciar, Laetitia, militia, Patricia, Phoenicia, Tricia •clincher, flincher, lyncher, wincher •Frobisher • furbisher • brandisher •Yiddisher • kingfisher • establisher •embellisher •abolisher, demolisher, polisher •publisher • skirmisher • replenisher •finisher • punisher •burnisher, furnisher •perisher •flourisher, nourisher •Britisher • ravisher • languisher •vanquisher • well-wisher •extinguisher • Elisha

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