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Lomé Capital and largest city of the Republic of Togo, w Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. Made capital of German Togoland in 1897, it later became an important commercial centre. It was the site of two conferences (1975, 1979) that produced a trade agreement (known as the Lomé Convention) between Europe and 46 African, Caribbean, and Pacific states. Its main exports are coffee, cocoa, palm nuts, copra and phosphates. Pop. (2002 est.) 658,100.